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A Quote Personal information stands between us and yourself only! All for your Peace of mind.The scholar conducted interviews on teachers and parents at local southwest districts in Mississippi to get views on year round education.The scholar inquired about the likely benefits, limitations and perceptions; type of schooling calendar year (round or traditional) and so forth double spaced (275 words per page); single spaced (550 words per page; Legible font (e.g. Arial) 12 pt; 1 inch margins on all sides. quality ASSURANCE. quality banner Money back policy. Testimonials. I do like my essay! I have an excellent mark! You can't be more professional! (Ryan, VI) Many thanks to my writer!.The scholar inquired about the likely benefits, limitations and perceptions; type of schooling calendar year (round or traditional) and so forth.

Participants who negatively considered year round education, failed to recognize the role of year round schooling.In addition, benefits and limitations of the system were spelled out.The scholar indicates that selecting education system depends primarily on the individual needs.

Nevertheless, research needs to be carried out to determine the perceptions of various stakeholders in education to formulate informed views.6 Theoretical and Operational Definitions1.

3 InstrumentationChapter 1: Introduction A number of teachers and parents shriek at the notion of students attending school throughout the year.

However, in regions where year round education is not common, many individuals have a tendency of considering this system negatively.The notion that year round education, takes away summer holiday for students is not absolutely true.But, based on the kind of year round education, it can basically imply spreading a section of summer break all through the year.Majority of people consider traditional education calendar-September to June as the most appropriate to adopt for schools.Although this is not essentially correct.

Traditional calendar was introduced in the agrarian period.Because having summer holidays allowed students to assist on the farm.The current society is not on this course.Hasselmeier, (1997) alleges that the standard schooling calendar is inadequate in satisfying the requirements of the present-day society.(1997) indicates that traditional calendar is not educational schedule.But schooling is a continuous process and students learn during all seasons of the year, (Fairchild et al.A number of educational experts argue that education schedules such as year round schooling respond to students needs and reduce the authenticity of summer education loss.In developing societies, perhaps it is an era of change.

By and large, research has been presented to support the initiative that year round education is beneficial for students, teachers and parents.Psychological studies, during WWII predicted that workers could maximize production if only they were given sporadic breaks.This could be the scenario for education schedules.Does this mean that more breaks, teachers as well as students will be refreshed and productive? Past studies demonstrated countless benefits of year round schooling.For instance, year round education schedule increases test score, and contributes to efficient learning since students are fully engaged in education throughout the year.

Year round education can be important in reducing the gap between middle and low income learners who miss the opportunity to attend summer camps or other educational programs that supports and maintains their achievement scores.Moreover, it is a suitable option to constructing additional classes in schools since a multi-track schedules can be utilized where learners attend classes at diverse periods during school year.Besides, year round schooling is an effective option for two-parent households with inadequate time to take their children throughout the extensive summer periods.Nevertheless, these promising advantages depend on the type of year round schedule and how it is adequately executed.There are two commonly used year round schooling such as multi-track as well as single track.

In multi-track system, school period and vacations are spread all through the school year.In this case, learners are on diverse tracks, thus some are in session and others on break.On the other hand, single track schedule, the calendar is spread providing room for more vacations throughout the year, although all learners go to schools at the same period.Considering that a number of schools are adopting year round education calendar and research to indicate the benefits of this schedule, it is imperative to look at individuals views on this kind of change, (Prohm and Baenen 1996).1 Background In America, the original year round education schedule started in 1904 in Indiana to increase school development ability as well as learners success.Potential use of school facilities and increasing educational achievements by reducing learning loss during summer providing remediation through inter-sessions and executing extra-curriculum activities are considered important benefits of year round education.As YRE continues to develop, many local districts are changing schools schedules based mainly on responses and data presented by advocacy institutions like NAYRE (National association for year round education) and MAYRE (Minnesota association year round education).Following the recent legislation, year round education has gained new meaning since districts regard its benefits in assisting learning realize the academic standards.Even though much research has been carried out on year round education, they are inadequate or poorly planned, leaving teachers at a loss for quality information to derive conclusions, (NAYRE, 2001).

2 Statement of the Problem Individuals have demonstrated resistance to year round educational schedule.They did not understand the effectiveness presented by year round education maybe they are not aware of the model or do not understand how it works.

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In most cases, individual make decisions that summer periods will be reduced.3 Purpose of the study The aim of this study was to analyse the perception of local south west districts of Mississippi parents and teachers concerning year round education.4 Theoretical Framework This research is based on a theoretical outline relating to perception of teachers as well as parents towards year round education To get a discount, a customer should introduce a new member to the company. The new member should open an account with us and place an order. The introducing customer should then write to the administrator ([email protected]) informing him of the details of the new member. After approval, the  .4 Theoretical Framework This research is based on a theoretical outline relating to perception of teachers as well as parents towards year round education.

With respect to Carroll’s theory, it highlights on the relevance of learners being successful if they spent more time on education (Carroll, 1963).

Theoretically, the YRE presents the necessary time for learning via scheduling including single track and multi-track calendars as well as extended school calendar Welcome to our professional help with Dissertations and Theses writing. We guide and assist with Research Projects Writing and Editing. Our Research and Writing Services are Reliable Quality and authentic..

Theoretically, the YRE presents the necessary time for learning via scheduling including single track and multi-track calendars as well as extended school calendar.

Moreover, Carroll’s theory associates with YRE such that learners’ attend inter-sessions where they get extra studying opportunities.In most case, inter-sessions are frequently optional in several local districts schools south west of Mississippi.1997) have failed to establish whether YRE is effective due to extra learning time provided through inter-sessions myerscleaning.com/thesis/best-website-to-purchase-an-environmental-law-thesis-platinum-a4-british-european-5-pages-1375-words-quality.1997) have failed to establish whether YRE is effective due to extra learning time provided through inter-sessions.On the other hand, many inter-sessions are optional such that parents can either choose to send their children during summer holidays to benefits from such initiatives.

5 Research Objectives, Questions, or Hypothesis The purpose of this study was to find the perception of teachers and parents of five local southwest districts in Mississippi regarding year round education schedule.Research questions What are parents’ perceptions toward year round education? Hypothesis: Teachers and parents have negative viewpoint towards year round education schedule.Null hypothesis: Teachers and parents do not have negative opinion towards year round education schedules.6 Theoretical and Operational Definitions Traditional schedule/calendar:this is August to June schedule when schools are not in session but in summer vacations.Year round education (YRE): this is when the schedule of school calendar is recognized to offer continuous learning all through the year; in this case summer vacations are reduced and more frequent breaks during the year.YRE can either be single track or multi-track systems, (Fairchild et al.Single track schedule: this is generally a six months school year that uniformly distributes learning sessions as well as vacations throughout the year, (Finley, 2001).

In addition, in this schedule learners attend school at similar period of learning sessions and vacations.Multi-track schedule: this is where learning and vacation sessions of every track are distributed during the year, to ensure that some learners attend schools and others are on vacation.Perceptions: this refers to insights, intuition or acquired understanding; acknowledgment as well as construal of sensory stimuli based primarily on the memory.Extended school year: this refers to school programs that offer instructional sessions outside the six months school year.

The goal is to continue learning sessions to minimize the likelihoods of summer instructional loss, (Finley, 2001).7 Assumptions Null hypothesis: Teachers and parents do not have negative opinion towards year round education schedules.8 Significance of the Study Findings from this study will help in the implementation of YRE model in the local school districts of south west Mississippi.

Teachers and parents perception towards year round education will help in increasing the adoption of YRE schedules in other districts of the Mississippi.A concept like year round education should be practical based so as to ensure increase students achievement.9 Summary This chapter introduces the study; describing statement of the problem, purpose of the study, significance of the study; theoretical and operational Definitionslimitations, the theoretical model, and research questions.Chapter 2: Literature review The purpose of this study is to analyze perception of teachers and parentstowards year round education in 5 local districts in the south west Mississippi.

Literature review of the study begins from 1904 when the YRE was initially initiated in Indiana.Some of the key resources of the literature review include articles, journals, books, personal observation and so forth.Several studies have been carried out on the perception of teachers as well as parents, but they are incomplete as such this study will cover year round schooling , single track year round schools, multi-track year round schools, benefits of YRE, misconceptionsandextended school year 2.1 History of YRE Year round education began in 1904, in Bluffton, Indiana under the guidance of Superintendent William Wirt.He created a four rotating calendar: summer, fall, spring and winter to tackle the issues of space in learning institutions.

Moreover, it was developed to increase the quality of education at that time.This move acted as a vision to improve learning opportunities by attending the four calendars.In 1925, Superintendent Harold Weber aimed at considerably promoting quality of education through executing the four-calendar schedule.This covered all year and this was for learners who wanted continuous learning.A few years later, Wirt promoted the platoon schedule to increase students’ achievement.

In addition, he was against the idea that learners were denied the chance for continuous education.America has been trying the year round education schedule for approximately one hundred years.The for many years schools implemented extended school calendars because of fuel consumption, increase learning opportunities and space as a result of overcrowding.In the 90s, approximately half of states in America had implemented for some of year round schooling.States such as Utah, Florida, Texas, Colorado, Nevada and North Carolina were leading in YRE schedules, (NAYRE 2001).

Nevertheless, North Carolina was the leading with over 200 district schools using YRE this represented 30% students in such schools.

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In addition, YRE in American has flourished for the past ten years.The increase from 1985/86 to1994/95 was 354,087 to 1,640,929 respectively.By 2001, across United States more than two million students were enrolled in year round education Best websites to buy a public administration research proposal Proofreading CBE 11 days 109 pages / 29975 words.

By 2001, across United States more than two million students were enrolled in year round education.

A number of YRE schools are elementary as shown below; Table 1: showing YRE schools in USA (1985-2001) 1985-86 2.

2 Year round education Presently, there are many year round education schedules in many states apart from Mississippi, Wyoming, New Hampshire, and Rhodes Island among others.Majority of students experience instructional loss if they fail to take part in educational programs in summer.A majority of schools are still using traditional schedule, nevertheless, this was developed to help agrarian societies myerscleaning.com/presentation/design.php.A majority of schools are still using traditional schedule, nevertheless, this was developed to help agrarian societies.It enabled students to assist on the farm.Currently, many societies do not live in communities where farming is the primary source of income.Moreover, past studies show that students experience substantial learning in practical and factual skills during summer.Owing to this fact, for more than two decades researchers have been opting for an alternative education calendar.

The concept year round education scares some individuals since it means teachers and students attending classes throughout the year.The original year round education calendar begun in 1904 as an alternative schedule for learning that uniformly distributes learning as well as vacation sessions for any given school year.Finley, (2001) on the other hand posits YRE is where a school schedule is re-organized to offer continuous learning session all the year, but summers breaks are spaced into shorter ones and more regular breaks during the year.In most American, year round schools students spend similar days in classes just like traditional schedule classes- in essence days are prearranged in a different way, with shorter, regular vacations during the year, (McMillen, 2006).

Summer vacation is may be a month instead of two or even three months.The YRE model, whereas still new to majority of school districts, it has developed.According to McMillen, (2006) over one million students in more than four hundred district schools attend some form of YRE for instance Wake County School in North Carolina.In addition, past findings show that majority of people fear at the idea of attending classes throughout the year; however they disprove the model by alleging that all learners attend for 6 months like the case of those attending schools with traditional schedule schools.Students in year round schooling attend learning sessions for 45 days and break for 15 days.

Furthermore, year round learns have similar vacations as those on traditional schedule.Experimenting with year round schooling implies that once chooses the track system; multi or single track each with different values.As such it is upon schools to determine the needs as well as objectives to be realized and decide on which YRE track will be suitable for the school, (Shields,1996).3 Single track year round schools According to McMillen, (2006) single track system is a program where learners attend learning sessions at the same period and have breaks at similar period.

Additionally, it is normally executed to enhance the largely learning period and increase students test score through distributing learning into constant periods.In many instances, single track schedule is generally 6 months that uniformly spreads learning blocks as well as vacations throughout the year.Consequently, single track schedule is frequently used compared to multi-track schedule.Parents who choose to have their children attend this schedule should decide on how days will be distributed.The widely used schedule on single track is 45-15, in other words, students spend 45 days on instructional blocks and 15 days on vacations.

Other common schedules are 60-20, 30-5, 25-15, 50-15 and so forth.Essentially, days can be distributed based on individual school needs to ensure all students are on the same course.4 Multi-track year round schools Multi-track calendar was developed to reduce overcrowding in classes.Multi-track implies that learners are divided in four different groups.

In addition, schedules are staggered in a manner that a particular point, three groups are attending learning sessions and one is on vacation, (Prohmand Baenen 1996).Schools on multi-track calendars, where one group is on vacation; they are in position of accommodating approximately 33% of learners in a single building.5 Benefits of YRE The idea of executing year round education calendar can be due to increased satisfaction of learners, improved student achievement, reduced discipline issues, increased teacher and student attendance, improved motivation of the teachers and learners following regular breaks and improved availability of enrichment opportunities throughout the year.

With respect to multi-track year round education, there is the aspect of reduced overcrowding, small class size, opportunities for educators to work throughout the year and appropriate use of facilities to minimize costs.Based on achievement, Prohmand Baenen (1996) indicates that generally students score lower grades on standardized exams at the end of summer breaks compared to the same exam at the onset of summer, (NAYRE 2001).This improvement performance may be due to inter-sessions that offer improvement opportunities, thus enhancing students’ disclosure to the syllabus.Even though, the original YRE began more than a century ago, a number of schools have not implemented this schedule.Campbell, (1994) states that while past studies have demonstrated increase academic accomplishment, it is more important for learners who are at risk as a result of enrichment opportunities.

Moreover, YRE is useful I the sense that it increase positive attitude among teachers as well as students.In this case, students improve their participation in extra-curriculum activities and believing that they are getting quality guidance just like in traditional schedule schools.

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Besides year round education prepares and motivate learners to enjoy their studies, (Weatherford, 2001).Supporters of year round education allege that this schedule is useful for students to be potential in improving teaching career and financial benefit to the taxpayer.

Other possible benefits are community satisfaction, increased redemption and reduced class size .

Other possible benefits are community satisfaction, increased redemption and reduced class size.

On the other hand, schools using single track year round calendar provides parents to spend time with their children; because they operate on 45-15 calendar.Furthermore, young round schoolings provide inter-session opportunities for learners behind and want to catch up studies with the rest of the class.There is as well the aspect adequate use of school facilities this reduces costs.Finley, (2001) allege that YRE calendar reduces learning loss during summer breaks, a variety of vacation alternatives for families as well as decreases teacher and learner burnout all the year through the provision of regular breaks astronomy.Finley, (2001) allege that YRE calendar reduces learning loss during summer breaks, a variety of vacation alternatives for families as well as decreases teacher and learner burnout all the year through the provision of regular breaks.Past findings have indicated that year round education schedules are specifically useful for cognitively and economically underprivileged learners’, (Campbell, 1994).

6 Misconceptions Year round education program has generated both negative and positive perceptions from parents and teachers.Moreover, YRE is a misleading concept; a number of students believe that, this would mean no summer holidays.Majority of individuals do not understand the manner in which YRE operates and diverse calendars available.They think they will attend schools for the entire year without breaks.

As such, they have perceived YRE negatively.Teachers have diverse perception for year around education.They have concerns with summer job as well as educational opportunities, (Shields, 1996).Consequently, flexible policies allow teachers to teach in other schools as substitutes.On he other hand, inter-session periods providing instructive programs in turn provide extra job opportunities for teachers.

Educational opportunities including certified development courses are readily attainable however on-job training courses are complex to take because many are scheduled at the beginning of summer.There are as well other aspects concerning teachers’ children’s school calendars conflicting with year round education.Subsequently, like the concept of YRE calendar because burnout is less as well as attendance is better.In other words, teachers believe that year round education increases attendance, lessens burnout and enhances communication and teamwork.The aspect of regular breaks and inter-sessions enhances their level of zeal to time to meditate on their careers.

Apparently, year round education calendars have helped them in proper planning of syllabuses such that they are completed on time.By and large, teachers believe that productivity is enhanced under year round education calendar, (Weatherford, 2001).Despite all their positive perceptions concerning year round education, past evidence have indicated teachers negative vies on this schedule including organizational challenges, conflicting individual schedules and continuing training.Organizational challenges; teaching staff in schools that have implemented multi-tract year round schooling deal with several organizational issues for instance, in single track schedule, educators maintain their own classes.Nevertheless, in multi-tract year round education four different educators may share three classes all year around.

Moreover, majority of educators (roving teachers) have to pack their teaching materials during this time the custodial aid must be present.These teachers are also are not aware about moving, and loss has been a major concern for some educators.Roving educators, nevertheless, regularly report feelings of isolation from the entire school (Weatherford,2001).Engagement in extra-curriculum is another issue that affects teachers in year round schooling.Educators who coach extra-curriculum mighty find the activities persist while on vacations.

In this case, they may end up sacrificing some of their breaks.There is also the issue of continuing education majority of teaching staff in year round schooling experience complexities in preparing for the career development.These courses are necessary for teachers so as to get additional authorization that are frequently offered in summer when YRE are in session.Additionally, Campbell, (1994) alleges that taking part in district-wide development courses is potentially challenging when a particular learning institution is an optional schedule and the entire district is not.Unfortunately, the execution of year round education may culminate to individual scheduling challenges for some educators.

Moreover, teachers may not able to re-range concurrent family holidays.Weatherford,(2001) show that Educators with non-educational summer opportunities are likely to object to year round education calendar, this may be due to non-education summer jobs that offer considerable income.Parents however, have the problem concerning children on different school calendars- parents consider the whole idea of YRE as a disruption because of many vacations involved interrupt children learning sessions.On the other hand, parents consider that YRE calendars are not suitable because, their children would be left at home alone as the rest of the family members are at work or school.With respect to summer breaks- parents think that planning is necessary when some of children are on year schedule.

Nonetheless, they like the flexibility involved in year round education; because they can go for vacations than the conventional summer periods.

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Since, YRE is offered by many schools parents are in position to accommodate them.7 Extended school year According to Curry et al.(1997) the aspects of learning loss and time used in assessing at the onset of school are important in the litigation which has fostered the model of extended school year Where to find a custom writing assistance public administration research proposal 100% original College Junior 49 pages / 13475 words US Letter Size single spaced.

(1997) the aspects of learning loss and time used in assessing at the onset of school are important in the litigation which has fostered the model of extended school year.

Past findings indicate that several states were opting for extending school year; this is as a result of public pressure on poor performance.The public were concerned and supposed that extending school year would lead to standardized test scores How to purchase custom public administration research proposal confidentially Editing US Letter Size 124 pages / 34100 words 24 hours.The public were concerned and supposed that extending school year would lead to standardized test scores.In addition, they have demonstrated that extended school year has been employed in IEP or individualized education programs.8 Summary Evidently, there is learning loss in traditional summer vacations, as such year round education schedules appear to be the away forward.

Literature review show several benefits of year round schooling such as it increase test score, positive attitude for teachers as well as learners, low school dropouts among others myerscleaning.com/presentation/best-website-to-buy-an-fitness-presentation-master-s-business-writing-from-scratch.Literature review show several benefits of year round schooling such as it increase test score, positive attitude for teachers as well as learners, low school dropouts among others.However, parents consider YRE as an interruption to their children learning process due to many breaks involved.Single and multi-track year round schedules are both significant.The schedule to choose depends on the needs as well as goals of the school is attempting to fulfill.Chapter 3: Methodology Majority schools in America use traditional calendar, past studies have indicated several benefits of YRE for teachers, students and parents.

This research was developed to analysis teacher as well as parents’ perception towards year round education.Qualitative techniques will be employed to assess the perception of participants towards YRE.Moreover, the research will be limited to teachers and parents of 5 local districts in southwest Mississippi 3.1 Research design The study employed interview survey to get parents and teachers perception towards year round education.Prior to carrying out the study, authorization was obtained from relevant education stakeholders in five local southwest districts of Mississippi.

After meeting the required sample size: 15 teachers and 15 educators, the study was commenced.With respect to parents views the researcher distributed interview surveys to the schools for students to give to their parents.Moreover, there was a central place in schools were interview surveys were returned.Every interview survey was enclosed in envelops marked with names of study respondents.To ensure confidentiality returned envelops were also sent to the participants.

The interview survey contained cover letter stipulating the aim of the study.Upon expiry of the allocated time, the researcher collected the interview survey from central locations of the schools and began sorting the findings.On the other hand, teachers’ interview surveys were performed through school attendance records to assist them respond to the questions electronically.This technique was appropriate for this study since electronic interviews can easily be filled at their own speed.Nevertheless, e-surveys can be hard to be carried out if participants do not have technology required, but in this study every teacher has a regular access to computer software.

The time frame work for this study was four weeks.When the time frame was over, the researcher was in position to get all the responses provided by the respondents.2 Subject Selection and Description The respondents of the study were 15 teachers and 15 parents from 5 local southwest districts of Mississippi.It is worth noting that majority of participants in this study from traditional schedule schools.

On the other hand, parents were randomly selected to give their views on year round education.3 Instrumentation Interviews were used to collect information on the perception of parents towards year round education.Authorization was obtained from district education officers and administrators of five local southwest districts in Mississippi to carry out this process and gathering information for a period of one month.Every respondent was given an opportunity to give views on the YRE.

To ensure that the researcher does not distort responses provided by the participants tape recorded and notepads were used.As required, the scholar encouraged respondents to provide their basis for their views.In addition, the scholar asked all the survey questions till objective (usefulness, limitations and views towards YRE) of the study were met also whether the participants would prefer year round education over tradition schedules.What do you understand about year round education and how does it work? 3.what are some of the effectiveness of year round education 4.What is the limitation involved in YRE? 5.Would prefer year round education or traditional calendar? If yes, why? 6.What is the views regarding teaching and learning for educators and parents for students who study in YRE compared to traditional schedule? 7.

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What are your views on traditional calendars compared to year round education? 8.What is your opinion for teachers in year round schools compared to those in traditional schedules? 9.Do you think all schools in local districts of south Mississippi that have implemented year round education have increased students’ academic success? 10 PDF Print E-mail. Written by admin Friday, 30 October 2015 01:45   We can help! We can help get your coursework back on track. Essay on Security Vulnerability Written From Scratch On-time Delivery Get an A+ Essay.   In reality, most systems use a single code shared between various stakeholders and the entry point..Do you think all schools in local districts of south Mississippi that have implemented year round education have increased students’ academic success? 10.

What is your general view regarding year round? 11.How have you professional development been impacted by year round education? 12.

Do you support the whole concept of year round education? 13.Would you support the adoption of year round education in local districts school in southwest Mississippi? 3.5 Data analysis After collecting all the raw information, the scholar started to arrange as well as cording interview surveys.Because teachers’ surveys were conducted electronically it was easier for the scholar to export information to Microsoft Excel.

Results were comprehensively reviewed to explore for any errors.

Then data was transferred to Statistical Program for Computer Sciences version 10.Consequently, parents interview surveys were also coded and exported to Microsoft excel then to SPPS.Once this was over, all results; parents and teachers views were merged in several data files for statistically analysis.With the entire necessary program integrated in a distinct program.

To begin with the scholar attempted to find responses to research questions 1.What are teachers’ perceptions towards year round education? 2.What are parents’ perceptions toward year round education? To adequately respond to the queries, descriptive statistics were performed to assess the mean, standard deviation, and totals.Moreover, to establish statistical disparities among the study respondents, independent t-test was performed.NOVA was also employed to assess considerable differences of respondents.

With regard to teachers years in YRE was used while parents educational level, age, marital status were utilized.Then post-hoc assessments were carried out to establish the accurate where the differences subsisted.After completing the necessary statistical tests, the scholar created table, narratives were as well used to adequately illustrate findings.6 Limitations The scholar did not face any limitation in conducting the study.

The evident, limitation was whether respondents choose educational calendar due to the fact that it was effective or suit their individual needs.To ensure consistency in data gathering semi-structured interview survey were used.1 Demographic findings The pilot study aimed at analysis teachers and parents perception of local districts in south west Mississippi on year round education schedule.

In addition, the study included thirty participants.Participants were selected based on their past experience in year round schooling while parents whose children attended YRE schools volunteered to take part in the study.Teaching staff who were involved in the study had previously been teaching in year round education.The first question, participants were asked was; what is your perception about year round education schedule? The data collected was both the benefits as well as negative issues of YRE and how the students would receive the model in five local districts of Southwest Mississippi.In addition another question for all participants was; do you prefer traditional calendar of year around education schedule?A decision as to whether to go for multi or single track system and how days would be distributed were not performed.

Under certain situations the scholar used 45-15 schedule and also notified the participants about other schedules such as 60-20, 30-5, 25-15, 50-15 involved in YRE schooling.Of the fifteen teachers, when asked whether they preferred year round schooling, 9 responded yes, 3 did not like and 2 were indifferent.11 of the parents did not like year round education while 4 responded that this was a good idea as shown in the table below.Table 2: feedback for YRE Subject 11 From the teachers’ perceptions, year round education was the best option.Even though, majority of educators indicate reduced stress and burnout in year round education schedules, a few educators report stress as a challenge in YRE.

Generally, these educators are on extended contracts who don’t take vacations as their learners.In addition, a few educators reported interruption in learning sessions.Nonetheless, the education schedule that schools implement, the key limitation of YRE emerges from unwillingness to change.Like other professions educators may basically resist change till they understand the new model and are given time to adapt.Some of the teachers (3 teachers) of preferred traditional calendar over YRE argued that they would not opt for YRE but if implemented they would not criticize.

Moreover, they preferred traditional schedules because of the long summer breaks.Nevertheless, some teachers hinted that they would quite their teaching careers, in case YRE was adopted in their schools.

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The two teachers who indifferent specified the benefits as well as limitations of YRE, however, they did not have strong feelings for the concept.On the other hand, the 9 teachers who preferred YRE affirmed that it was a great idea having summer breaks shortened and increase students’ improvement,(Campbell, 1994).Moreover, these teachers alleged that they preferred to try out new system as YRE was really useful for learners as well as teachers Here is how you can buy capstone papers for discount prices from one of the many essay and paper writing services on the web. Get Pre written capstone project for sale. One of the reasons that you may need to complete this type of paper is that you are getting a degree in mass communications, public administration,  .

Moreover, these teachers alleged that they preferred to try out new system as YRE was really useful for learners as well as teachers.

They consider YRE concept interesting and were willing to learn how it worked.Some of the beneficial aspects identified by the educators were; •Motivates both students and teachers •Flexible with syllabus •Increased test scores •It provides teachers and students a fresh beginning •Increased retention of material Some of the common limitations that were evident include; •Hot weather during summer •Reduced summer breaks •Interrupts learning sessions because of the regular breaks involved in the year round schooling •Expensive for the district schools •Increased burnout for teachers and students 4 WEP Security Vulnerability Cheap Essay Writing Services.Some of the beneficial aspects identified by the educators were; •Motivates both students and teachers •Flexible with syllabus •Increased test scores •It provides teachers and students a fresh beginning •Increased retention of material Some of the common limitations that were evident include; •Hot weather during summer •Reduced summer breaks •Interrupts learning sessions because of the regular breaks involved in the year round schooling •Expensive for the district schools •Increased burnout for teachers and students 4.2 Findings by hypothesis Data was gathered by interviewing the participants WEP Security Vulnerability Cheap Essay Writing Services.2 Findings by hypothesis Data was gathered by interviewing the participants.Fifteen teaching staff in year round education were interviewed myerscleaning.com/case-study.php.Fifteen teaching staff in year round education were interviewed.Additionally fifteen parents were interviewed.

The scholar thought that parents as well as educators had negative views towards year round education schedule due to inadequate information and understanding of the issue at hand.The essence was to establish hypothesis.At the beginning participants were asked about the perception on year round education.The scholar asked all the questions till views were collected on the effectiveness and challenges of YRE, how others people would respond to implementation of YRE in local districts schools in south west Mississippi, and whether they preferred YRE or traditional schedule.

All the feedbacks were recorded and later the findings were assessed from dissimilarities and relationships.

Consequently, the researcher identified teachers and parents who preferred the idea of year round education.The scholar as well as identified the possible benefits as well as limitations presented by the study respondents.Ultimately, findings indicate that majority of the respondents considered the year round education model as a solution of learning loss during summer breaks.They also perceived YRE as a suitable concept that should be implemented in school year calendars.Nevertheless, some of the participants who alleged YRE as ineffective concept at the onset of the interview due to inadequate understanding, upon been provided information on YRE they changed their perceptions.

Findings, from this study indicated that there is inadequate information for local districts in south west Mississippi on YRE as well as calendar schedule.In some instances, people had negative views since their original thoughts were to attend school throughout the year (Prohmand Baenen 1996).Teachers who participated in the study indicated that parents who exhibit mixed views concerning the implementation of year round education in local districts of south west Mississippi.They demonstrated that parents would reject to the adoption of the model, because of the challenges mentioned earlier.As such, it is important to provide local districts in south west Mississippi with adequate information to enable them formulate informed decisions about year round education;creation of awareness is necessary concerning year round education as well as the likely school schedule in the local districts of Mississippi andassessing people who have attended traditional as well as YRE to obtain benefits and challenges encountered when changing systems and provided suggestions for handling these hurdles.

Year-round schools evaluation, 1996-97.Austin, TX: Austin Independent School District.Year-round schooling for academically at-risk students: Outcomes and Perceptions of participants in an elementary program.

Year round schedules in Virginia schools presented to thecommission on educational accountability – Briefing.What if summer learning loss were an education policy priority?2-3.year-round education on academic achievement.Masters Thesis, University of Houston - Clear Lake, 1997.Masters Abstracts international, 35, 1105.

NAYRE (National Association of Year Round Education).Retrieved April 18th, 2012 from / #statistics Prohm, B.Are WCPSS multi-track elementary schools effective?Raleigh, NC: Wake County Public School System.

Year-round education: Is it worth the hassle? Paper presented at the University of British Columbia Robson Square Lecture Series.

Attitudes and perceptions of school personnel, parents, andcommunity members toward year-round schools in Maury County.WEP Security Vulnerability WEP Security Vulnerability Wireless Encryption Protocol has various security holes that make it vulnerable to hacking attacks, hence undermining the system’s security.Some of these attacks such as: Passive attacks that act to decrypt traffic anchored on data review; active attack deployed by injecting new traffic from unauthorized mobile platforms, using known plain content; active assaults used to decrypt traffic pegged on access point deception and also the use of glossary-ensuring assaults deployed following a close review of a day’s worth of traffic, permits synchronized automated decryption of all traffic (Rubin, 29-30).Implicitly, all these intrusions are pragmatic to mount by way of low-cost off-the-shelf applications.The paper thereby suggests that anyone employing an 802.11 wireless system should not depend on WEP for system safety, but should instead deploy other security mechanism to secure their wireless systems (Walker et al.

These assaults work on both the 40-bit as well as the so-called 128-bit editions of WEP evenly fine.They are also applicable to networks that support 802.

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11b specifications to enhance high data rates; leaving the WEP algorithm unchanged, (Housely, Russ, and William A, 31-34).This technical paper sets out to investigate some of the security holes evident with a WEP algorithm; it also suggests how attackers can be prevented from hacking the WEP.

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11 specification illustrates the communication that happens in WLAN or wireless area network.The wireless encrypted protocol algorithm is employed to secure wireless communications from spy applications We are a professional editing, proofreading and reviewing service provider. We can correct your thesis, dissertation or proposal very reliably..The wireless encrypted protocol algorithm is employed to secure wireless communications from spy applications.A resulting purpose of WEP works to halt unwarranted entry to a wireless lattice; this operation is not an explicit objective in the 802.11 specification, although it is frequently known to be a feature of WEP (Hytnen, R.

WEP is mainly supported by the secret code shared between a mobile substation and an entry point.The secret code is employed to encrypt packets before they are sent, while an integrity check ensures that packets are not altered when transmitted.The specification does not indicate how the shared code is determined.In reality, most systems use a single code shared between various stakeholders and the entry point.

However, more complicated code control mechanisms can be deployed to help secure from the hackers, conversely the market doesn’t have commercial devices to supplement such methods (Conference on Electrical Engineering, 401-404).In the two sections below, the paper will talk about the anomalies in the algorithm as well as the methodical issues of the assaults; they presuppose some background comprehension of cryptographic set of rules.Problem Statement The WEP employs the RC4 encryption method, known as a torrent code.A torrent code functions by elongating a short code into an endless pseuso- indiscriminate torrent code.The dispatcher XORings the code torrent with the content to create a code text, the recipient on the other hand has a copy of a similar code, and employs it to create similar code torrents.

Original plain content is attained by XORing code torrent with coded text.This type of functionality makes torrent code susceptible to various assaults.In the event that a hacker flips a bit in the coded text, then a related bit in the simple-text will be flicked upon decryption.In case a hacker intercepts two encrypted by using a common stream code, it becomes easier to have access to the XOR of the two plain texts.

XOR information can therefore enhance data assaults to recover the plaintexts (Sato,Moungnoul and Fukase, 11-13).

The data assaults become increasingly pragmatic as more coded texts that take use of a common stream code are known.Immediately one of the plain codes it becomes a walkover trying to retrieve the rest.WEP has security measures against both of these assaults.To warrant that a packet has not been altered in transit, it employs IC or integrity Check field inherent within a given packet.To preclude encrypting two secret messages with the same code stream, an IV or initialization vector is employed to add the shared secret code and produce a different RC4 code for independent packets.

The Initialized vector is also integrated in the packet.Nevertheless, both of these mechanisms are implemented incorrectly, lead to vulnerable defense (Conference on Electrical Engineering, 401-404).The IC field is executed as a CRC-32 checksum, which forms a segment of the encrypted payload of the packet.Consequently, CRC-32 is linear, which implies that it is probable to calculate the bit difference of two CRCs pegged on the bit disparity of the text over which they are taken.In short, flicking bit in the text leads in a verified cluster of bits within the CRC that require flipping to generate an accurate checksum on the tailored message.

Flicking bits are transmitted after an RC4 decryption, which allows the hacker to flick indiscriminate bits in an encrypted text and correctly adjust the checksum to enable the resultant text to appear legitimate.The IV in the WEP is a 24-bit field, which is transmitted in the plaintext part of a message.Such a minute space of IV warrants the reuse of a similar code stream.An eventful entry terminal, which is constantly transmits 1500 bytes at a rate of 11Megabytes per second, will weaken the space of the initializing vector after 1500*8/(11*106)*224= 18000 seconds, which translates to 5 hours.In a nutshell, the actual amount of time might be smaller, because many packets are smaller than 1500 bytes (Conference on Electrical Engineering, 401-404).

This permits a hacker to collect two text codes that are encrypted with the same code stream and compute statistical assaults to recover the clear-text.Worse off, the use of a common code by various mobile stations enhances the likelihood of Initialization Vector collision.For instance, a Lucent manufactured wireless adaptor resets the IV to zero every instance the card is initialized, and augments the IV by 1 with each packet.This implies that two adaptors inserted at nearly the same period will present an abundance of IV conflicts for a hacker.11 specifications that determine altering the IV with each packet are voluntary.We can help! Essay on Security Vulnerability Written From Scratch On-time Delivery